Aslor, and the. Astor was to have the privilege of introducing other persons into the connexion, as partners; two of whom,'at least, should be conversant with the Indian trade, and none of them entitled to more than three shares. A general meeting of the company was to be held annually at Columbia river, for the investigation and regulation of ils affairs ; at which absent members might be represented,' and might vole by proxy under certain specified conditions.
The association, if successful, was to continue for twenty years; but Ihe parties had full power to abandon and dissolve it within the first five years, should it be found unprofitable. For this term Mr. Astor covenanted to bear alPlhe loss that might be incurred; after which it , was to be borne by all the partners, in proportion to their respective Shares. An agent, appointed for the term of five years, was to reside at the principal establishment on the norlh-west coast, and Wilson Price Hunt was the one chosen for the first term.
Should the interests of Ihe concern at any time require his absence, a person was to be appointed, in general meeting, to take his place. Such were the leading conditions of this association. We shall now proceed to relate the various hardy and eventful expeditions, by sea and land, to which it gave rise.
In prosecuting his great scheme of commerce and colonization, two expeditions were devised by Mr. Astor, one by sea, the other by land. The former was to carry out the people, stores, ammunition, and merchandise, requisite for establishing a fortified trading post at the mouth of Columbia river. The latter, conducted by Mr. Hunt, was to proceed up the Missouri, and across the Rocky mountains, to the same point; exploring a line of communicaliOn across the continent, and noting the places where interior trading posts might be established.
The expedition by sea is the one which comes first under consideration. A fine ship was provided, called the Tonquin, of two hundred and ninety tons burthen, mounting len guns, with a crew of twenty men. She carried an assortment of merchandise for trading with the natives of the sea board and of the interior, together with the frame of a schooner, to be employed in the coasting trade.
Seeds also were provided for the cultivation of the soil, and nothing was neglected for the necessary supply of the establishment. The command of the. He was a man of courage and firmness, who had distinguished himself in our Tripoli tan war, and, from being accustomed to naval discipline, was considered by Mr. Astor as well fitted to take charge of an expedition of the kind. Four of the partners were to embark in the ship, namely, Messrs.
M'Dougal was empowered by Mr. Astor to act as his proxy in the absence of Mr. Hunt, to vote for him and in his name, on any question that might come before any meeting of the persons interested in the voyage. Besides the partners, there were twelve clerks to go out in the ship, several of them natives of Canada, who had some experience in Indian trade. They were, bound to the service of the company for five years, at the rale of one hundred dollars a year, payable at the expiration of the term, and an annual equipment of clothing to the amount of forly dollars.
Their interests were thus, to some extent, identified with those of the company. Several artisans were likewise to sail in the ship, for the supply of the colony; but the most peculiar and characteristic part of this motley embarkation consisted of thirteen Canadian "voyageurs," who had enlisted for five years.
As this class of functionaries will continually reeur in the course of the following narrations, and as they form one of those disiindt and strongly marked casles or orders of people, springing up in this vast continent out of geographical circumstances, or the varied pursuits, habitudes, and origins of its population, we shall sketch a few of their characteristics for the information of the reader. The "voyageurs" form a kind of confraternity in the Canadas, like the arrieros, or carriers of Spain, and, like them, are employed in long internal expeditions of travel and traffic: with this difference, that the arrieros travel by land, the voyageurs by water; the former with mules and horses, the latter with balteaux and canoes.
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The voyageurs may be said to have sprung up out of the fur trade, having originally been employed by the early French merchants in their trading expeditions through the labyrinth of rivers and lakes ofthe boundless interior. They were coeval with the coweurs des bois, or rangers of the woods, already noticed, and, like them, in the intervals of Iheir long, arduous, and laborionsexpeditions, were prone to pass their time in idleness and revelry abptit the trading posts or settlements; squandering their hard earnings in heedless conviviality, and rivalling their neighbours, the Indians, in indolent indulgence, and an imprudent disregard of the morrow.
When Canada passed under British domination, and the old French trading houses were broken up, the voyageurs, like the coureurs des bois, were for a time disheartened and disconsolate, and with difficulty could reconcile] themselves to the service of the new comers, so different in habits, manners, and language, from their former employers. By degrees, however, they became accustomed to the change, and at length came to consider the British fur traders, and especially the members of the North-west Company, as the legitimate lords of creation.
The dress of these people is generally half civilized, half savage. They wear a cspot or surcoat, made of a blanket, a striped cotton sbiri- etoth trousers, or leathern legging, moccasins of deer skin, and a belt of variegated worsted, from which are suspended the knife', tobacco pouch, and other implements. Their language is of the same piebald character, being a French patois, embroidered with Indian and English words and phrases. The lives of the voyageurs are passed in wild and extensive rovings, in the service of individuals, but more especially of the fur traders.
They are generally of French descent, and inherit much of the gaiety and lightness of heart of their ancestors, being full of anecdote and song, and ever ready for lite dance. They inherit, too, a fund of civility and complaisance; and, instead of that hardness and grossness which men in laborious life are apt to indulge towards each other, they are mutually obliging and accommodating; interchanging kind offices, yielding each other assistance and comfort in every emergency, and using the familiar appellations of "cousin" and "brother," when there is in fact no relationship.
Their natural good will is probably heightened by a community of adventure and hardship in their precarious and wandering life. No men are more submissive to their leaders and employers, more capable of enduring hardship, or more good-humoured under privations. Never are they so happy as when on long and rough expeditions, toiling up rivers or coasting lakes; encamping at night on the borders, gossiping round their fires, and bivouacking in the open air.
They are dexterous boatmen, vigorous and. The steersman often sings an old traditionary French song, with some regular burden in which they all join, keeping time with their oars ; if at any time they flag in spirits or relax in exertion, it is but necessary to strike up a song of the kind to put. The Canadian waters are vocal with these little French chansons, that have been echoed from mouth to mouth and transmitted from father to son, from the earliest days of the colony; and it has a pleasing effect, in a still golden summer evening, to see a batteau gliding across the bosom of a lake and dipping its oars to the cadence of these quaint old ditties, or sweeping along, in full chorus, on a bright sunny morning, down the transparent current of one of the Canadian rivers.
But we are talking of things that are fast fading away! The march of mechanical invention is driving every thing poetical before it. The steam-boats, which are fast dispelling the wildness and romance of our lakes and rivers, and aiding to subdue the world into common-place, are proving as fatal to the race of the Canadian voyageurs, as they have been to that of the boatmen on the Mississippi. Their glory is departed. They are no longer the lords of our internal seas, and the great navigators of Ihe wilderness. Some of them may still occasionally be seen coasting the lower lakes with their frail barks, and pitching their camps and lighting their fires upon the shores; but their range is fast contracting to those remote waters and shallow and obstructed rivers unvisited by the steam-boat.
An instance of the buoyant temperament and the professional pride of these people was furnished in the gay and braggart style in which they arrived at New York to join the enterprise. They were determined to regale and astonish the people of the " States" with the sight of a Canadian boat and a Canadian crew. They accordingly. Lawrence to the shores of Lake Champlain; traversed the lake in it, from end to end; hoisted it again in a waggon and wheeled it off to Lansingburgh, and there launched it upon the waters of the Hudson.
Down this river they plied their course merrily on a fine summer's day, making its banks resound for the first time with their old French boat songs; passing by the villages with whoop and halloo, so as to make the honest Dutch farmers mistake them for a crew. In this way they swept, in full song, and with regular flourish of the paddle, round New York, in a still summer evening, to the wonder and admiration of ils inhabitants, who had never before witnessed on their waters, a nautical apparition of the kind.
Such was the variegated band of adventurers about to embark in the Tonquin on this arduous and doubtful enterprise. While yet in port and on dryland, in the bustle of preparation and Ihe excitement of novelty, all was sunshine and promise. The Canadians especially, who, with their constitutional vivacity, have a considerable dash of the gas- con, were buoyant and boastful, and great braggarts as to the future; while all those who had been in the service of the North-west Company, and engaged in the Indian trade, plumed themselves upon their hardihood and their capacity to endure privations.
If Mr. Astor ventured to hint at the difficulties they might have to encounter, they treated them with scorn. They were "north-westers;" men seasoned to hardships, who cared for neither wind nor weather. They could live hard, lie hard, sleep hard, eat dogs! Willi all this profession of zeal and devotion, Mr.
Astor was not over-confident of the stability and firm faith of these mercurial beings. It was a time of doubt and anxiety, when the relations between the United States and Great Britain were daily assuming a more precarious aspect, and verging towards that war which shortly ensued. To this they readily agreed, and shortly afterwards assured him that they had actually done so.
It was not until after they had sailed that he discovered that they had entirely deceived him in the matter. The confidence of Mr. Astor was abused in another quarter. Two of the partners, both of them Scotchmen, and recently in the service of the North-west Company, had misgivings as to an enterprise which might clash with the interests and establishments protected by the British flag. They privately wailed upon the British minister, Mr. Jackson, then in New York, laid open to him the whole scheme of Mr. Astor, though intrusted to them in confidence, and dependent, in a great measure, upon secrecy at the outset for ils success, and inquired whether they, as British subjects, could lawfully engage in it.
Jackson, that a private individual should have conceived and set on foot at his own risk and expense, so great an enterprise. This step on the part of those gentlemen was not known to Mr. Astor until sometime afterwards, or it might have modified the trust and confidence reposed in them. To guard against any interruption to the voyaga by the armed brig, said to be off the harbour, Mr.
Astor applied to Commodore Rodgers, at that time commanding at New York, fo give the Tonquin safe convoy off the coast.
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The commodore having received from a high official source assurance of the deep interest which the government took in the enterprise, sent directions to Captain Hull, at that time cruising off the harbour, in the frigate Constitution, to afford the Tonquin the required protection when she should put to sea. Before the day of embarkation, Mr. Astor addressed a letter of instruction to the four partners who were to sail in the ship. In this he enjoined them, in the most earnest manner, to cultivate harmony and unanimity, and recommended that all differences of opinions on points eonnecled with the objects and interests of the voyage, should be discussed by the whole.
He, moreover, gave them especial caution as to their conduct. If otherwise, act with caution and forbearance, and convince them that you come as friends. Astor was justly sensible he could not be too earnest. All accidents which have as yet happened there arose from too much confidence in the Indians. The wind was fresh and fair from the souuV-weSt, and the ship was soon oul ofsight of land and free, from tb,e; apprehended danger of interruption.
The frigate, therefore! The harmony so earnestly enjoined by Mr. He had stood by with surly contempt while they vaunted so bravely to' Mr. Astor of all they could do and all they could undergo; how they could face all weathers, put up with all kinds of fare, and even eat dogs with a relish, when no belter food was to be had. He had set them down as a set of land lubbers and braggadocios, and was disposed to treat them accordingly. Astor was, in his eyes, his only real employer, being the father of the enterprise, who furnished all funds and bore all losses. The others were mere agents and subordinates, who lived at his expense.
He evidently had but a narrow idea of the scope and nature of the enterprise, limiting his views merely to his part of it; every thing beyond the concerns of his ship was out of his sphere ; and any thing that interfered with the routine of his nautical duties put him in a passion. The partners, on the other hand, had been brought up in the service of the North-west Company, andin a profound idea of the importance, dignity, and authority of a partner.
They already began to consider themselves on a par with the M'Tavishes, the M'Gillivrays, the Fro- bishers, and the other magnates of the north-west, whom they had been accustomed to look up to as the great ones of the earth; and they were a little disposed, perhaps, to wear their suddenly-acquired honour with some air of pretension. Astor, loo, had put Ihem on their mellle with respect to the captain, describing him as a gunpowder fellow who would command his ship in fine style, and if there was any fighting to do, would "blow all out of the water.
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On the very first night. Captain Thorn began his man-of-war discipline by ordering the lights in the cabin to be extinguished at eight o'clock. The pride of the partners was immediately in arms. This was an invasion of their rights and dignities not to be borne. They were on board of their own ship, and entitled to consult their ease and enjoyment. M'Dougal was the champion of their cause. He was an active, irritable, fuming, vainglorious little man, and elevated in his own opinion, by being the proxy of Mr.
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A violent altercation ensued, in the course of whichThorn threatened to put the partners in irons should they prove refractory; upon which M'Dougal seized a pistol and swore to be the death of the captain should he ever, offer such an indignity. It was some time before the irritated parties could be pacified by the more temperate bystanders.
Such was the captain'soutsetwilh the,partners. Nor did theclerks stand muchhigherin his good graces ; indeed, he seemed to have regarded all the landsmen on board his ship as a kind of live lumber, continually in the way.
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These poor fresh water sailors, so vainglorious on shore, and almost amphibious when on lakes and rivers, lost all heart and stomach the moment they were at sea. For days they suffered the doleful rigours an'dretchings of sea-sickness, lurking below in their berths in squalid state, or emerging now and then like spectres from the hatchways, in capotes and blankets, with dirty nightcaps, grizzly beard, lantern visage and unhappy eye, shivering about the deck, and ever and anon crawling to the sides of the vessel, and offering up their tributes to the windward, to the infinite annoyance of the captain.
His letters to Mr. Astor, wherein he pours forth the bitterness of his soul, and his seaman-like impatience of what he considers the " lubberly" character and conduct of those around him, are before us, and are amusingly characteristic. The honest captain is full of vexation on his own account, and solicitude on account of Mr. Astor, whose properly he considers at the mercy ot a most heterogeneous and wasteful crew. As to clerks, he pronounces them mere pretenders, not one of whom had ever been among Indians, nor farther to the north-west than Montreal, nor of higher rank than bar-keeper of a tavern or marker of abilliard table, excepting one, who had been a schoolmaster, and whom he emphatically sets down for '' as foolish a pedant as ever lived.
Nor did his disgust and vexation cease when all hands had recovered from sea-sickness, and become accustomed to the ship, for now broke forth an alarming keenness of appetite that threatened havoc to the provisions. What especially irritated the captain was the daintiness of some of his cabin passengers.
He had been crossed by the irritable mood of one ofthe partners; he was now excessively annoyed by the good-humour of another. This was the elder Stuart, who was an easy soul, and of a social disposition. He had seen life in Canada, and on the coast of Labrador; had been a fur trader in the former, and a fisherman on the latter : and, in the course of his experience, had made various expeditions with voyageurs.
He was accustomed, therefore, to the familiarity which prevails between that class and their superiors, and the gossipings which take place among them when seated round a fire at their encampments. Sluart was never so happy as when he could seat himself on the deck with a number of these men round him, in camping stile, smoke together, passing the pipe from mouth to mouth, after the manner of the Indians, sing old Canadian boat songs, and tell stories about their hardships and adventures, in the course of which he rivalled Sinbad in his long tales of the sea, about his fishing exploits on the coast of Labrador.
This gossiping familiarity shocked the caplain's notions of rank and subordination, and nothing was so abhorrent to him as the community of pipe between master and man, and their mingling in chorus in the outlandish boat songs: Then there was another whimsical source of annoyance to him. Some of the young clerks, who were making their first voyage, and to whom every thing was new and strange, were, very rationally, in the habit of taking notes and keeping journals.
This was a sore abomination to the honest captain, who held their literary pretensions in great contempt. Astor, " appears to engross most of their attention. It is possible the captain was in some degree right in his notions. Though some of the passengers had much to gain by the voyage, none of them had any thing positively to lose. They were mostly young men, in the heyday of life; and having got into fine latitudes, upon smooth seas, with a well stored ship under them, and a fair wind in the shoulder of the. The captain, however, who regarded every coast and island with a matter of fact eye, and no more associations connected with them than those laid down in his seachart, - considered all this curiosity as exceedingly idle and childish.
Next they said the ship should stop on the coast of Patagonia, for they must see the large and uncommon inhabitants of that place. Then they must go to the island where Robinson Crusod had so long lived. And lastly, they were determined to see the handsome inhabitants of Easter island. Astor for his act of supererogation in furnishing orders for the control of the-ship while they were on board, instead of leaving them to be the judges, where it would be best for her to touch, and how long to remain.
The choleric M'Dougal took the lead in these railings, being, as has been observed, a little puffed up with the idea of being Mr. Astor's proxy, jj The captain, however, became only so much the more crusty and dogged in his adherence to his orders, and touchy and harsh in his dealings with his passengers, and frequent altercations ensued. He may in some measure have been influenced by his seamanlike impatience of the. On the Ath of December they came in sight of the Falkland islands. Having been for some time on an allowance of water, it was resolved.
A boat was sent into a small bay to take soundings. M'Dougal and Mr. M'Kay took this occasion to go on shore, but with a request from the captain that they would not detain the ship. Once on shore, however, they were in no haste to obey his orders, but rambled about in search of curiosities. The anchorage proving.
The wind being adverse, the boat was again sent on shore on the following morning, and. After a time the wind hauled fair, and signals were made for the boat. Half an hour elapsed but no boat put off. The captain reconnoitred the shore with his glass, and, to his infinite vexation saw the loiterers in the full enjoyment of their " wildgoose chase. When those on shore saw the ship actually under way, they embarked with all speed, but had a hard pull of eight miles before they got on board, and then experienced but a grim reception, notwithstanding that they came well laden with the spoils of the chase.
Two days afterwards, on the 7th of December, they anchored at Port Egmont in the same island, where they remained four days taking in water and making repairs. This was a joyous time for the landsmen. They pitched a tent on shore, had a boat at their command, and passed their time merrily in rambling about the'island, and coasting along the shores, shooting sea lions, seals, foxes, geese, ducks and penguins. None were keener in pursuit of this kind of game than M'Dougal and David Stuart; the latter was reminded of aquatic sports on the coast of Labrador, and his hunting exploits in the north-west.
In the mean lime the captain addressed himself steadily to the business of his ship, scorning the holiday spirit and useless pursuits of his emancipated messmates, and warning them, from lime to time, not to wander away nor be out of hail. They promised, as usual, that the ship should ueverexperien. Some ofthe young men had found two inscriptions, in English, over a place where two unfortunate mariners had been buried in this desert island. As the inscriptions were nearly worn out by lime and weather, they were playing the part of " Old Mortality," and piously renewing them.
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The two sporting partners, however, Mr. M'Dougal and David Stuart, had strolled away to the south of the island in pursuit of penguins. It would never do to put off without them, as there was but one boat to convey the whole. While this delay took place on shore, the captain was storming qn board. This was the third time his orders had been treated with contempt, and the ship wantonly detained, and it should be the last; so he spread all sail and put to sea, swearing he would leave the laggards to shift for themselves. It was in vain that those on board made remonstrances and entreaties, and represented the horrors of abandoning men upon a steril and uninhabited island : the sturdy captain was inflexible.
In the mean time, the penguin hunters had joined the engravers of tombstones, but not before the ship was already out at sea. They all, to the number of eight, threw themselves into their boat, which was about twelve feet in length, and rowed with might and main. For three hours and a half did they tug anxiously and severely at the oar, swashed occasionally by the surging waves of the open sea, while the ship inexorably kept on her couSe, and seemed determined to leave them behind.
On board of the ship was the nephew of David Stuart, a young man of spirit and resolution. Seeing, as he thought, the captain obstinately bent upon abandoning his uncle and the others, he seized a pistol, and in a paroxysm of wrath swore he would blow out the captain's brains, unless he-put about or shortened sail. Fortunately for all parties, the wind just then came ahead, and the boat was enabled to reach the ship; otherwise, disastrous circumstances might have ensued.
We can hardly believe that the captain really intended to carry his threat into full effect, and rather think he meant to let the laggards off for a long pull and a hearty fright,. He declared, however, in his letter to Nr. Astor, that he was serious in his threats; and there is no knowing how far such an iron man may push his notions of authority.
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Various petty feuds occurred also between him and the partners, in respect to the goods on board the ship, some articles of which they wished to distribute for clothing among the men, or for other purposes which they deemed essential. The captain, however, kept a mastiff watch upon the cargo, and growled and snapped if they but offered to touch box or bale. They consoled themselves, therefore, by declaring, that as soon as they made land they would assert their rights, and do with ship and cargo as they pleased.
Beside these feuds between the captain and the partners, there were feuds between the partners themselves, occasioned, in some measure, by jealousy of rank, M'Dougal and M'Kay began to draw plans for the fort, and other buildings of the intended establishment. They agreed very well as to the outline and dimensions, which were on a sufficiently grand scale; but when they came to arrange the details, fierce disputes arose, and they would quarrel by the hour about the distribution of the doors and windows.
Many were the hard words and hard names bandied between them on these occasions, according to the captain's account. Each accused the olher of endeavouring to assume unwarrantable power, and to take the lead; upon which Mr. M'Dougal would vauntingly lay down Mr. Astor's letter, constituting him his representative and proxy, a document not to he disputed. These wordy contests, though violent, were brief; " and within fifteen minutes," says the captain, "they would be caressing each other like children.
Astor with respect to the Sandwich islands— —Karakakora—Royal monopoly of pork—Description ofthe islanders—Gayeties on shore—Chronicler ofthe island—Place where Captain Cook was killed—John Young, a nautical governor—His story—Waititi—A royal residence— A royal visit—Grand ceremonials—Close dealing—A royal pork merchant—Grievances of a matter-of-fact man.
Owyhee, or Hawaii, as it is written by more exact orthographers, is the largest of the cluster, ten in number, of the Sandwich Islands. It-is about ninety-seven miles in length, and seventy-eight in breadth, rising gradually into three pyramidal summits or cones; the highest, Mouna Roa, being eighteen thousand feet above the- level of the sea, so as to domineer over the whole Archipelago, and to be a landmark over a wide extent of ocean.
It remains a lasting monument of the enterprising and unfortunate Captain Cook,who was murdered by the natives of this island. The Sandwich islanders, when first discovered, evinced a character superior to most of the savages of the Pacific isles. They were frank and open in their deportment, friendly and liberal in their dealings, with an apt ingenuity apparent in all their rude inventions. The tragical fate of the discoverer, which, for a time, brought them under the charge of ferocity, was, in fact, the result of sudden exasperation, caused by the seizure of their chief.
At the time ofthe visit of the Tonquin, the islanders had profited, in many respects, by occasional intercourse with white men; and had shown a quickness to observe and cultivate those arts important to their mode of living. Originally they had no means of navigating the seas by which they were surrounded, superior to light pirogues, which were little competent to contend with the storms of the broad ocean.
As the islands are not in sight of each other, there could, therefore, be but casual intercourse between them. The traffic with white men had put them in possession of vessels of superior description; they had made themselves acquainted with their management, and had even made rude advances in the art of ship-building. These improvements had been promoted, in a great measure, by the energy and sagacity of one man, the famous Tamaahmaah.
At the time of the arrival of the Tonquin he had about forty schooners, of from twenty to thirty tons burthen, and one old American ship. With these he maintained undisputed sway over his insular domains, and carried on an intercourse with the chiefs or governors whom he had placed in command of the several islands. The situation of this group of islands, far in the bosom of the vast Pacific, and their abundant ferflty, rendered them important stopping places on the highway to China, or to the norlh-west coast of America.
Here the vessels engaged in the fur trade touched to make repairs and procure provisions ; and here- they often sheltered themselves during the winters that occurred in their long coasting expeditions. The British navigators were, from the first; aware of the value of these islands to the purposes of commerce ; and Tamaahmaah, not long after he had attained the sovereign sway, Avas persuaded by Vancouver, the celebrated discoverer, to acknowledge, on behalf of himself and subjects, allegiance to the king of Great Britain.
The reader cannot but call to mind the visit which the royal family and court of the Sandwich islands was, in late years, induced to make to the court of St. James's ; and Ihe serio-comic ceremonials and mock parade which attended that singular travesty of monarchal style. It was a part of She wide and comprehensive plan of Mr. Astor to establish a friendly intercourse between these islands and his intended colony, which might, for a time, have occasion to draw supplies from thence; and he even had a vague idea of, some time or other, getting possession of one of their islands as a rendezvous for his ships, and a link in the chain of his commercial establishments.
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Kortz recently moved back to CO, she is native, but was out of state for a while and is so happy to be back. She loves the CO mountains and has great views. The Pirouette Shades were put in her Master Bedroom so to achieve softness and preserve her great view. We used the classic NewStyle shutter in the bathroom and front of the house for durability in the bathroom and great curb appeal as you approach the home.
In her Family Room she had a dark woven wood that was closing down the space, we replaced them with a lighter woven wood that was closer to the wall color. Nan is so happy with the color and how the white trim of the windows really stands out and the lighter fabric lifts the room.
Drop us a line using the form below and one of our style experts will be in touch shortly to schedule your FREE consultation. Make a Statement with Woven Wood Shades Woven woods are the ideal way to bring a peaceful, natural feel to the atmosphere of your home. Modern Style, Classic Finishes This home is strikingly designed with modern accents.
Rocky Mountain Odyssey
Stylish Kitchens Make your kitchen your favorite place to be by creating the ideal environment for cooking and gathering with loved ones. Gorgeous Bathrooms Privacy, natural light, gorgeous design…you want it all! Outfitted Entryways Your entryway leaves a lasting impression. Large Window Solutions The Denver area is known for its gorgeous views and beautiful weather. Contemporary Design: Shutters with Rear Tilt The timeless style of shutters offers classic design, while coordinating with the chic sophistication of the latest trends.
Rocky Mountain Odyssey 3 books in series. Lonely are the Hunted Summary. Book 1. Add to basket failed. Please try again later. Add to wishlist failed. Free with day trial.