Negative Anthropologie. Ideengeschichte und Systematik einer Denkfigur. Trends in Photography. Februar Studien zur Anthropologie und Kulturphilosophie. Special Issue of 'Moral Philosophy and Politics'. CfP "Schelling-Studien. Zeitschrift zur klassischen deutschen Philosophie". November Oktober Fortschritt durch Technologie". September Aequitas, Call for Papers. Habermas on religion European Journal for Philosophy of Religion.
Neuer Philosophieblog: praefaktisch. GDR culture and politics were limited by the harsh censorship. The Puhdys and Karat were some of the most popular mainstream bands in East Germany. Like most mainstream acts, they appeared in popular youth magazines such as Neues Leben and Magazin. Other popular rock bands were Wir , City , Silly and Pankow. Schlager , which was very popular in the west, also gained a foothold early on in East Germany, and numerous musicians, such as Gerd Christian , Uwe Jensen , and Hartmut Schulze-Gerlach gained national fame. From to , an international schlager festival was held in Rostock , garnering participants from between 18 and 22 countries each year.
Bands and singers from other Communist countries were popular, e. Czerwone Gitary from Poland known as the Rote Gitarren. West German television and radio could be received in many parts of the East. The Western influence led to the formation of more "underground" groups with a decisively western-oriented sound. Additionally, hip hop culture reached the ears of the East German youth. With videos such as Beat Street and Wild Style , young East Germans were able to develop a hip hop culture of their own.
The entire street culture surrounding rap entered the region and became an outlet for oppressed youth. The government of the GDR was invested in both promoting the tradition of German classical music , and in supporting composers to write new works in that tradition.
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The birthplace of Johann Sebastian Bach — , Eisenach , was rendered as a museum about him, featuring more than three hundred instruments, which, in , received some 70, visitors. In Leipzig, the Bach archive contains his compositions and correspondence and recordings of his music. East German theatre was originally dominated by Bertolt Brecht , who brought back many artists out of exile and reopened the Theater am Schiffbauerdamm with his Berliner Ensemble. After Brecht's death, conflicts began to arise between his family around Helene Weigel and other artists about Brecht's heritage.
In the s, a parallel theatre scene sprung up, creating theatre "outside of Berlin" in which artists played at provincial theatres. Theatre and cabaret had high status in the GDR, which allowed it to be very pro-active. This often brought it into confrontation with the state. Benno Besson once said, "In contrast to artists in the west, they took us seriously, we had a bearing. The Friedrichstadt-Palast in Berlin is the last major building erected by the GDR, making it an exceptional architectural testimony to how Germany overcame of its former division.
Here, Berlin's great revue tradition lives on, today bringing viewers state-of-the-art shows.
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The East German industry became known worldwide for its productions, especially children's movies Das kalte Herz , film versions of the Brothers Grimm fairy tales and modern productions such as Das Schulgespenst. The film industry was remarkable for its production of Ostern , or Western-like movies. Amerindians in these films often took the role of displaced people who fight for their rights, in contrast to the North American westerns of the time, where they were often either not mentioned at all or are portrayed as the villains. Yugoslavs were often cast as Native Americans because of the small number of Native Americans in Europe.
He became an honorary Sioux chief when he visited the United States in the s, and the television crew accompanying him showed the tribe one of his movies. American actor and singer Dean Reed , an expatriate who lived in East Germany, also starred in several films. These films were part of the phenomenon of Europe producing alternative films about the colonization of the Americas. Cinemas in the GDR also showed foreign films. Czechoslovak and Polish productions were more common, but certain western movies were shown, though the numbers of these were limited because it cost foreign exchange to buy the licences.
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Further, films representing or glorifying what the state viewed as capitalist ideology were not bought. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, several films depicting life in the GDR have been critically acclaimed. Go for Zucker by Dani Levi. Each film is heavily infused with cultural nuances unique to life in the GDR. East Germany was very successful in the sports of cycling , weight-lifting , swimming, gymnastics, track and field, boxing , ice skating , and winter sports.
The success is attributed to the leadership of Dr. Manfred Hoeppner which started in the late s. Another supporting reason was doping in East Germany , especially with anabolic steroids, the most detected doping substances in IOC -accredited laboratories for many years. Sport teachers at school were encouraged to look for certain talents in children ages 6 to 10 years old. For older pupils it was possible to attend grammar schools with a focus on sports for example sailing, football and swimming. This policy was also used for talented pupils with regard to music or mathematics.
Sports clubs were highly subsidized, especially sports in which it was possible to get international fame. For example, the major leagues for ice hockey and basketball just included 2 teams each. Football was the most popular sport. Club football teams such as Dynamo Dresden , 1. Many East German players such as Matthias Sammer and Ulf Kirsten became integral parts of the reunified national football team. Other sports enjoyed great popularity like figure skating, especially because of sportspeople like Katarina Witt.
Television and radio in East Germany were state-run industries; the Rundfunk der DDR was the official radio broadcasting organisation from until unification. Reception of Western broadcasts was widespread. By the mids, East Germany possessed a well-developed communications system. There were approximately 3. An unusual feature of the telephone network was that, in most cases, direct distance dialing for long-distance calls was not possible.
Although area codes were assigned to all major towns and cities, they were only used for switching international calls. Instead, each location had its own list of dialing codes with shorter codes for local calls and longer codes for long-distance calls. After unification, the existing network was largely replaced, and area codes and dialing became standardised. In this state, each person had a place. All children could attend school free of charge, they received vocational training or studied, and were guaranteed a job after training.
Work was more than just a means to earn money. Men and women received equal pay for equal work and performance. Equality for women was not just on paper. Care for children and the elderly was the law. Medical care was free, cultural and leisure activities affordable. Social security was a matter of course. We knew no beggars or homelessness. There was a sense of solidarity. People felt responsible not only for themselves, but worked in various democratic bodies on the basis of common interests.
Conceptualizing the GDR as a dictatorship has become widely accepted, while the meaning of the concept dictatorship varies. Massive evidence has been collected that proves the repressive, undemocratic, illiberal, nonpluralistic character of the GDR regime and its ruling party. East Germans find 'Wessis' arrogant and pushy, West Germans think the 'Ossis' are lazy good-for-nothings. Unification and subsequent federal policies led to serious economic hardships for many East Germans that had not existed before the Wende. Unemployment and homelessness, which had been minimal during the communist era, grew and quickly became widespread; this, as well as the closures of countless factories and other workplaces in the east, fostered a growing sense that East Germans were being ignored or neglected by the federal government.
In addition, many east German women found the west more appealing, and left the region never to return, this left a lot of single and indigent men behind with limited skills and cognitive abilities.
These and other effects of unification led many East Germans to begin to think of themselves more strongly as "East" Germans rather than as simply "Germans". In many former GDR citizens this produced a longing for some aspects of the former East Germany, such as full employment and other perceived benefits of the GDR state, termed " Ostalgie " a blend of Ost "east" and Nostalgie "nostalgia" and depicted in the Wolfgang Becker film Goodbye Lenin!
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see GDR disambiguation. This article is about the country that existed from to For the historical eastern provinces, see Former eastern territories of Germany. For the modern east of Germany, see New states of Germany. For a group of extinct Germanic languages, see East Germanic languages. Former communist country, Flag — National emblem — English: Workers of the world, unite! The territory of the German Democratic Republic from its creation on 7 October until its dissolution on 3 October The initial flag of East Germany adopted in was identical to that of West Germany.
In , the East German government issued a new version of the flag bearing the national emblem, serving to distinguish East from West. Main article: History of East Germany. Further information: History of Germany. Soviet Socialist Republics. Allied states. Related organizations. Dissent and opposition. Cold War events. Further information: Allied-occupied Germany. Part of a series on the. German Confederation Zollverein. Occupation Ostgebiete. Reunification New federal states. Main articles: Die Wende and German reunification.
Main article: Politics of East Germany. Theory and practice. Commune Commune model of government Communist society Anti-capitalism Class struggle Class consciousness Classless society Collective leadership Collectivism Common ownership Free association From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs Gift economy Labour movement Planned economy Proletarian internationalism Social revolution Stateless society Wage slavery Workers' self-management World revolution.
History of communism Communist revolution Communist party Communist state Communist symbolism. By region. Related topics. Further information: Constitution of East Germany. Main article: Administrative divisions of East Germany. Main article: National People's Army. Main article: Stasi.
Main article: Conscientious objection in East Germany. Main article: Group of Soviet Forces in Germany. Main article: Economy of East Germany. Further information: State atheism and Irreligion in Germany. See also: Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Berlin. Main article: Culture of East Germany. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. See also: Jazz in Germany. Main article: Ostalgie. Berghahn Books, , pp. East German Distinctiveness in a Unified Germany. Petersburg Times. Deutsche Welle. Archived from the original on 19 October Retrieved 8 August Democratization in Eastern Europe Routledge, Die Zeit. Archived from the original on 11 November Retrieved 10 May Springer, p.
Oxford University Press, pp. Political Romanticism. Transaction Publishers, Preface, p. Viereck's, Volume 8. Archived from the original on 14 May Retrieved 25 September Archived from the original on 14 June Retrieved 15 July November Retrieved 16 May Harvard University Press, Archived from the original on 18 December Retrieved 21 October Zuelow Postwar: A History of Europe Since Retrieved 24 October Norton pp. Conradt, The German Polity p. Deutsche Welle DW. Archived from the original on 20 March Retrieved 22 March Archived from the original on 11 August Retrieved 28 March Central and Eastern Europe after Archived from the original PDF on 11 November Retrieved 5 April Archived from the original on 1 November BA, B.
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